Education in Ukraine - 2

  • Due to the last changes in educational system, higher education is based today on the Bolognese system. Students have to get points for their work on material. At the end of the semester they can pass the exams without testing, according to their work during the semester. If they want to get a higher mark, they are tested.


    Talking about the marks it must be said that at the university students have to “gather” 200 points. At school pupils can get 12 points – it’s the best mark, 1 is the worst. To get additional points students and pupils write some creative works, do some additional tasks.


    Today the academic year is divided into two main parts, two semesters. At the end of semester pupils and students get their points. Between these two parts there is long recess in winter and the longest in summer. But at school pupils have additional recess in autumn and spring as well.


    College degree helps pupils to get education which gives them an opportunity to start working in only one-two years. For example, at a vocational college students can study to be a welder, an accountant, a hairdresser, a teacher of junior school, etc.


    After college they can continue their education at the university, institute or academy. Education last 4 to 5 years at intramural and 5 to 6 at extramural. At the end of the course students get a degree of bachelor. Bachelor’s degree means that students studied 4 years. Before the reorganization of educational system after 5 years of education students could get the degree of master or specialist. Nowadays students get a degree of master after 5 years of study.


    When young people attend a college or a technical school, they have a long period of work experience. Based on results of this time they can start their career at the plant, factory or bank etc., where they had that work experience. It’s perfect, because it’s very hard to find a job after studying. People with nonprofessional occupations can find jobs easier: welders, mechanics, and drivers.


    The state has to find job for each student who got a free education. Each of them has to work for national enterprise at least for 3 years. But actually the state doesn’t do it and each graduate has to find job themselves. Sometimes they need even more than a year for it. It’s really difficult and well-educated people have to work as shop assistants or other jobs which don’t demand higher education.


    Alternative provision is today developed well in Ukraine. Children and teenagers attend additional courses according to their interests. Pupils like sports (football, tennis, basketball, karate, wrestling, dancing), music, vocal, art, foreign languages and so on.


    Parents want their children to be educated and well-rounded. They register them to different sport clubs, art schools, educating centres. Of course, it costs some money and often not little! But it’s worth of it. Children enjoy their additional lessons and have fun there with other children who attend the course as well.