Rivne

  • In the north-west of Ukraine, among the green banks of the river Ustje is located Rivne or Rovno. There were always roads connecting the western part of the country to the eastern part. For this reason, Rivne has been regarded as a district of the various states for centuries. This particularity was reflected in its architecture and made the city attractive for those people who would like to get to know the historical past of Ukraine. The Magdeburg law and the status of a town was given to Rivne at the end of the 15th century thanks to the founder of the city's princess Mary Nesvitski, who herself was known as Mary Rovenskaya. However, the first mention of Rivne as a settlement is dated in 1283. From the 15th century to the middle of the 20th century, the city was under the government of Poland, then under the government of Lithuania, under the authority of Rzeczpospolita, the city belonged to the Russian Empire.

     

    Today you can see the buildings of different religions and cultures in the city. It was built here the Jewish synagogue and the Catholic Church, and the Orthodox churches. You have a chance to see all these sights on one of the most beautiful streets of Rivne - Sobornaya. However, it is recommended to start a walk in this small town at the prospect Mira, from the station building.

     

    At the crossing with Shevchenko Street you will find the oldest building in the city - the Ascension Church. It was created in 1756 by parishioners. There is a legend connected with the church, it tells us that before the battle with the Polish nobility one of the leaders of the insurrection Ivan Gonta prayed there in 1768.

     

    Further along the Prospect Mira there is a street of Simon Petljura, where the amber museum is located. The museum was opened on the basis of the city amber factory. Here you can see the various amber kinds, some of which are 40,000,000 years old. The museum also shows the tourists the oldest amber product - a round amulet, which is about 2500 years old. The decoration of the museum is amber, in which the insects were crystallized.

     

    At the end of Prospect Mira, is situated the Boulevard Nesavisimosti (Independence), it  is decorated with flowering flower beds and a small square. There is a cinema "Ukraine" here, after which there is the street Sobornaya. On the left side of Boulevard Nesavisimosti there is a park of Taras Shevchenko. This is an excellent example of landscape art. The different types of flowers, bushes and centuries-old trees grow in the park. Some of the plants are exotic because they were imported from North America, Far East, Southern Europe, as well as from Japan and China. The park has several ponds and is divided into five areas: sports area, children's area, a zone of quiet recreation, a zone of active recreation and sector of leisure facilities. Directly in front of Nesavisimosti Boulevard, the Holy Resurrection Cathedral was built. It was built at the end of the 18th century on the donations of Emperor Alexander the III and today is one of the most important architectural buildings in the city.

     

    If you are on the road in the direction of the river Ustje, you will see the square Korolenko on the left, where the Rivne Regional Museum is located. Once upon a time there was the Gymnasium of the men, where the Ukrainian historian Mykola Kostomarov taught and the great Russian writer Vladimir Korolenko studied. During the German occupation the building became the Reich Commission of Ukraine under the direction of Erich Koch, and behind it there was a bunker with prisoners. Along the Korolenko square there is a park with a lake. This is the former court of Prince Lubomirski. Previously, a Rococo-style castle was built here, and now the "Swan Lake" is still preserved, where the black swans swim.

     

    On the right side of the street there is the building of the Cathedral of the Regional Academic Music Theater of Rivne, next to it is located a monument to the Ukrainian writer Ulas Samchuk. On the left there is a monument to the founder of the city, Mary Rovenskaya. Behind this monument on the street Schkolnaya the main synagogue of the late 19th century and a Jewish school are situated. On the Sobornaya street there is the Church of St. Anthony, built in neo-gothic style and decorated with stained glass windows and frescoes. This church remained since the rule of the lords Lubomirski. On the facade of the building hangs a clock, and the roof is crowned with the tower spires. Now in the church building of St. Antonio there is a chamber of chamber music and organ music.

     

    On the edge of the town Rivne there is a zoo of national importance. The area of more than four hectares is home to about 200 species of representatives of the land fauna. In the aviary "Granny Gof" in the park you can take some of the animals to hand and feed them. The exotarium and the riding school function in the zoo as well. Rivne contains many peculiarities of Western Ukrainian cities, which makes it unique and so attractive to many tourists.